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6 Less Known Facts About the Planet We Live On

The largest cities in the world

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If you’re wondering which are the largest cities in the world, well, the answer is not New York or Tokyo, nor any other metropolis on which you’re thinking on right now. As surface, the largest city in the world is Hulunbuir, in Inner Mongolia. In terms of population, the largest city is Shanghai, with 17.8 million people registered in documents.

Extreme temperatures

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The highest temperature on Earth was recorded in El Aziza, Libya, where the weather stations have recorded 57,77 ° Celsius. The lowest temperature was –89.2 ° Celsius and was recorded at Vostok, at the Russian station of Antarctic research.

The shortest geographical names

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The shortest name in the world consists of a single letter: Å or B. There are several villages named Å in Norway (Å means bad), and B is a village in Ohio.

The longest name in the world

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According to Guinness World Records, the longest geographical name in the world has 85 letters, one after another and belongs to a hill in New Zealand. As you can imagine, that name is difficult to be spelled and remembered: “Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu”. There is also another place in Thailand, of whose name consists of 163 letters, but this was not taken into account by the Guinness Book as it is a compound name.

The largest mountain chain

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The Andes are the longest mountain range in the world. They stretch along the western coast of South America through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. In fact the mountains consists of two or more parallel chains in some regions such as Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile and Argentina, where there are long distances between the mountain ranges, delineating between chains the Altiplano plateau with Lake Titicaca. The length of the Andes is about 7500 km from the tropical area until outside the tropical areas. In the southern part and in Ecuador their width reaches 200 km, instead between Arica (Chile) and Santa Cruz de Sierra (Bolivia) reach the east-west width of 600 km.

The deepest excavation

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The deepest hole drilling in the world is Kola, in Russia, and resulted from a scientific excavation (they wanted to dig deeper in the Earth’s crust). The drilling began on 24 May 1970 and several pits were dug, starting from a main pit. The deepest one, SG-3, was completed in 1989 and is 12,261 feet deep.

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